Deferred vs Immediate Query Execution in LINQ

There are two ways of LINQ query execution as given below:

Deferred Execution

In case of differed execution, a query is not executed at the point of its declaration. It is executed when the Query variable is iterated by using loop like as for, foreach.

DataContext context = new DataContext();

var query = from customer in context.Customers
where customer.City == "Delhi"
select customer; // Query does not execute here

foreach (var Customer in query) // Query executes here
{
  Console.WriteLine(Customer.Name);
}

A LINQ query expression often causes deferred execution. Deferred execution provides the facility of query reusability, since it always fetches the updated data from the data source which exists at the time of each execution.

Immediate Execution

In case of immediate execution, a query is executed at the point of its declaration. The query which returns a singleton value (a single value or a set of values) like Average, Sum, Count, List etc. caused Immediate Execution.
You can force a query to execute immediately of by calling ToList(), ToArray() methods.

DataContext context = new DataContext();

var query = (from customer in context.Customers
where customer.City == "Delhi"
select customer).Count(); // Query execute here

Immediate execution doesn’t provide the facility of query re-usability since it always contains the same data which is fetched at the time of query declaration.

For more details check here.


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